SG–The Test Mark
This mark is awarded to those products only, which meet the
for low pollutant
stringent limit values and parameters for harmful substances set forth
Leather Products Version 09/2006
All SG limit values are in general much lower than the statutory
The SG mark confirms that there is no danger to health according to
Natural materials such as leather and fur have to be tanned and dyed
to achieve the desired characteristics. Chemicals are also used for
preservation purposes while the materials are being transported or in
And this gives the consumer confidence with regards to the product’s
Chemicals are indispensable for the production of leather goods –
For the protection of consumers, chemical substances may however
The SG catalogue of test criteria was developed by experts of the
still be used to an extent that does not pose a risk to health.
participating institutions on the basis of the latest scientific findings.
Therefore it is extremely important to check that they are used
The necessary tests depend on the materials used, the auxiliaries
correctly during production, that the auxiliaries are suitable and that
and the production processes. They guarantee reliable detection of
the materials contain only low amounts of harmful substance or even
The test results are supplemented by a legally binding manufacturer’s
Only then can products be manufactured that do not pose a risk to
declaration pertaining to the basic materials and the production
The manufacturer’s own quality control system guarantees consistent
Responsible manufacturers and retailers of shoes, leather goods,
All finished products and materials labelled with the SG-Mark are
leather clothing and the materials required for production, know about
subject to spot checks on a regular basis.
the above mentioned risks to human health and act accordingly.
All certificates awarded are recorded in a data bank.
To document that their products have been manufactured with
exceptional care, they label them with the label „Tested for harmful
substances“, (German: Schadstoffgeprüft) in short SG-Mark.
Three widely accepted institutes with many years of experience and
When a product is labeled with the SG mark, the consumer can be
expertise stand for safety and consumer friendliness:
sure, that is has been manufactured with exceptional care, for
TÜV Rheinland Produkt und Umwelt GmbH
Dyes, that can release carcinogenic amines,
The limits for formaldehyde are below the declaration limit of
SGS Institut Fresenius GmbH
The pesticide limits established for food are not exceeded.
The contents of PCP and other chlorophenols are far below
the limit values of the Ordinance on Banned Chemicals.
If the articles are intended for use by infants or toddlers, especially
E-Mail: [email protected]Prüf- und Forschungsinstitut Pirmasens e.V.
E-Mail: [email protected]Test criteria for the SG-Mark Parameter Components made of Components made of Components made of Components made of Adhesives Test method / standards applied leather, fur textiles leather fibre cardboard, paper, materials- wood, cellulose, cork (Lefa) 
Colour fastness / fastness to rubbing at least 3
rubbing cycles with sweat solution according to DIN EN ISO 11641:2004 Textile: DIN EN ISO 105-X12:2002 dry and wet
Textile: § 64 LFGB B 82.02-2,-4:2004 Leather: § 64 LFGB B 82.02-3:2004 4-Aminoazobenzene: § 64 LFGB B 82.02.-9, Draft July 2004
Parameter Components Components Components made of leather Components made of Adhesives Test method / made of leather, made of textiles fibre materials- cardboard, paper, wood, standards applied (Lefa)  cellulose, cork
Extraction with distilled water, detection and quantification total soluble Al, Cr, Ti, Zr via ICP-OES, AAS, ICP-MS
0,01 % per detected compound 0,01 % per detected
0,01 % per detected Extraction with solvents, GC-MS
nonylphenolethoxylates according to detected
Parameter Metal accessories Test method / standards applied
CR 12471, paragraph 5.3.4:2002, rubbing test
§ 64 LFGB B 82.02-6:1999, nickel release § 64 LFGB B 82.02-7:1999, Wear- and corrosion test
Parameter Components made of plastics/caoutchouk, Test method / standards applied synthetic leather
Colour fastness / fastness to rubbing 
Chlorinated fluorinated hydrocarbons CFC
§ 64 LFGB L 00.00-6 (EG):1995 (QL:2 µg/l)
Monomeres e.g. acrylonitrile in Nitrile Rubber (NR) not detectable
Primary aromatic amines, (in caoutchouc, latex) as 20 µg/l (O:V=1:1)
N-alkylarylamines (in caoutchoc, latex) as N- 1 mg/l (O:V=1:1)
Recommendation XXI 188.8.131.52.3 Commission on
Bundesgesundheitsblatt 53 Information 5/94
§ 64 LFGB B 82.02-2; -4: 2004 4-Aminoazobenzenel § 64 LFGB B 82.02-9 Draft July 2004
Sum polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (sum PAH
 Leather-fibre material (lefa) skinned, without direct skin contact. For lefa with direct skin contact the limit values for leather apply.  Children under 36 months of age, generally up to size 26  Product specific odour; 1= no odour; 2= faint odour; 3= tolerable odour; 4=annoying odour; 5=intolerable odour  1 = strongly staining
For nubuk and velour leathers as well as for upper leather backsides, the value may fall below 4, as long as there is no direct or longer lasting contact to skin expected.
 Chamois leather  In hardened film  Tetrachlorophenole, trichlorophenole  DDT, lindane, aldrine dieldrine, methoxychlor, DDD, DDE, heptachlor, heptachloroepoxide, HCH (a,b,d,e), malathione, mrex, parathion(-ethyl), permethrine in furs and wool  Lindane, dichlofluanide, pentachloroanisol, dndosulfan, permethrin, chlorthalonile, tolylfluanide  Non-detected components are not considered for the generation of the sum  Limit of quantification 10 mg/kg  Only for products for children of less than 36 months  In case of expected direct skin contact  For materials without direct skin contact  Inner side: the side facing the foot, outer side: the side averted to the foot  Carcinogenic dyes: Acid red 26, Basic red 9, Basic violet 14, Direct black 38, Direct blue 6, Direct red 28, Disperse blue 1, Disperse orange 11, Disperse yellow 3
Allergizing dyes: Disperse blue 1, Disperse blue 3, Disperse blue 7, Disperse blue 26, Disperse blue 35, Disperse blue 102, Disperse blue 106, Disperse blue 124, Disperse brown 1, Disperse orange 1, Disperse orange 3, Disperse orange 37/76, Disperse red 1, Disperse red 11, Disperse red 17, Disperse yellow 1, Disperse yellow 3, Disperse yellow 9, Disperse yellow 39, Disperse yellow 49
 Listed according to the US EPA 16 PAHs: Naphthaline, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, benzo(a)anthracene, crysene,
benzo(b)fluoranthen, benzo(k)fluoranthee, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene
 Short-chain chlorinated paraffines C10-C13, Declaration of the manufacturer that chlorinated paraffines were not used  In addition to the analysis: Declaration of the manufacturer that the substances were not used  Detection limit: 30 mg/kg per amine component  Phthalates: DINP, DNOP, DEHP, DIDP, BBP, DBP nd not detectable nu not used (Manufacturer’s declaration) QL Quantification limit O:V face:volume
In this unit children extend their knowledge of places around the school, and learn to talk about everyday routines and subjectsstudied during the school day. They revise both telling the time on the hour and some adjectives to describe appearance. In this unit children consolidate work on telling the time (Unit 11 and Unit 15). They begin to use extended descriptions ofpeople and share this in
*** PUBLICATIONS *** Specialist in Laboratory Medicine / Epidemiologist h-index : 11 / Updated: March 7, 2014 PHD-THESIS Postprandial dysmetabolism and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in relation to type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular risk. Amsterdam: VU University (defended May 21st 2007). FULL PAPERS, REVIEWS AND LETTERS (key publications are shown in bold )