IF DATE RAPE HAPPENS TO YOU
■ Monitor the media for programs that reinforce
sexual stereotypes. Write, call, or e-mail to
■ Remember that rape is rape. You are not to
blame. Know that action against the rapist can
protest. On the other side, publicly commend
prevent others from becoming victims.
the media when they highlight the realities of
■ Get help immediately. Phone the police, a friend,
a rape crisis center, a relative. Don’t isolate your-
WHAT ARE “DATE RAPE” DRUGS?
self, don’t feel guilty or ashamed, and don’t try
■ Rohypnol (roofies, roopies, circles, the forget
to ignore it. It is a crime that should be reported.
works like a tranquilizer. It causes muscle
■ Get medical attention as soon as possible. Do
weakness, fatigue, slurred speech, loss of
clothes. Valuable evidence could be destroyed.
amnesia that lasts up to 94 hours. It looks like
■ Get counseling to help you through the
recovery process. Rape is a traumatic experi-
■ GHB (liquid X, salt water, scoop)
sedation. Its effects are drowsiness, nausea,
vomiting, headaches, dizziness, coma, and
■ If you think you’ve been sexually assaulted
death. The most common form is a clear liquid,
under the influence of a date rape drug, get
although it also can be a white, grainy powder.
medical help immediately. Try not to urinate
■ Rohypnol and GHB are called “date rape drugs”
before providing any urine samples. If possible,
because when they are slipped into someone’s
collect any containers from which you drank.
drink, a sexual assault can occur without the
IF IT HAPPENS TO SOMEONE YOU KNOW
victim being able to remember what happened.
■ Believe her. Ask her how you can help.
■ Offer comfort and support. Go with her to the
hospital, police station, or counseling center.
NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION COUNCIL
■ Remind her that it is not her fault.
1000 Connecticut Avenue, NW • 13th Floor • Washington, DC 20036
A Power Trip
The National Citizens’ Crime Prevention Campaign, sponsored by the Crime
Prevention Coalition of America, is substantially funded by the Bureau of
■ Ask your student government or a parent group
Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.
to sponsor a workshop on date rape and sexual
stereotyping. Work with a hotline or crisis center
to persuade rape victims to join the panel.
Production made possible by a grant from ADT Security
■ Volunteer at a rape crisis center or hotline.
Services, Inc., A Tyco International Ltd. Company
WHY DOES IT HAPPEN?
■ check out a first date or blind date with
Let’s look at sexual stereotyping and how males
friends. Meet in and go to public places. Take
Nothing—not even previous
public transportation or drive your own car.
consensual sex—entitles anyone to
■ Although things are changing, society still
■ leave social events with friends not with
frequently encourages men to be competitive
someone you just met or don’t know well.
force others to perform sexual acts.
■ always watch your drink and never leave it
unattended. Don’t accept beverages from
Without consent, forcing sexual
■ Men say they misunderstand a woman’s
words and actions—the excuse, “She said no,
contact is a crime. Date rape is a
DATE RAPE CAN HAPPEN IN HOMOSEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS
betrayal of trust and causes long-
AS WELL AS HETEROSEXUAL ONES. ALTHOUGH IT IS LESS
■ Some people—men and women alike—still
FREQUENT, MEN CAN ALSO BE THE VICTIM OF RAPE. IT IS
believe that it’s okay for a man to demand sex
lasting emotional injuries. Date rape or
STILL A CRIME AND THE VICTIM STILL NEEDS TO GET MEDICAL
if he takes a woman out or buys her gifts, and
ATTENTION AND COUNSELING AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
that it’s not rape if he forces sex on a woman
acquaintance rape is about power,
who previously had sex with him or other men.
control, and anger—not romance.
■ Women also feel that if they’ve previously had
As a man, you can
sex with a boyfriend who later forces them to
■ realize that forcing a woman to have sex
have sex against their will, it may not be
against her will is rape, a violent crime with
PREVENTING DATE RAPE
■ accept a woman’s decision when she says
As a woman, you can
“no.” Don’t see it as a challenge.
■ ask yourself how sexual stereotypes affect
■ be clear with men in your life about what, if
any, sexual behavior you are comfortable with
your attitudes and actions toward women.
and keep talking as you get deeper into a rela-
■ not use alcohol and other drugs—it clouds
■ not use alcohol or other drugs—they decrease
your ability to take care of yourself and make
■ get help if you see men involved in a gang rape.
■ understand that if a woman is drunk and you
have sex with her against her will, it’s still rape.
■ trust your gut feelings. If a place or the way
your date acts makes you nervous or uneasy,
■ seek counseling or a support group to help
leave. Always take enough money for a phone
you if you feel violent or aggressive toward
Like Drugs, Talk Therapy Can Change Brain Chemistry By RICHARD A. FRIEDMAN, M.D. After six years of twice-weekly psychotherapy sessions, Eric had plenty of insight. But his anxiety level had barely changed. He was still bedeviled by a ceaseless urge to wash his hands and shameful and repetitive violent thoughts. Out of desperation and against the wishes of his therapist, he visited my offic
O. Toussaint et al. / Experimental Gerontology 35 (2000) 901–916 Experimental Gerontology 35 (2000) 901–916Experimental gerontology in Belgium: from modelO. Toussainta,*, P.V. Baretb, J.-P. Brionc, P. Crasd, F. Collettee,P.P. De Deynf, V. Geeneng, P. Kienlen-Campardh, C. Labeuri,J.-J. Legrosj, J. Ne`vek, J.-N. Octaveh, G.E. Pie´rardl, E. Salmonm,P. van den Bosch de Aguilarn, M. Van