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• Relieves occasional constipation by drawing water into the • Proven safe and effective in elderly patients1 bowel from surrounding body tissues.This provides softer stools and increases the frequency of bowel movements • Provides both stool softening and laxative effects1-9 • One of only 2 laxatives with a Grade A recommendation from the American College of Gastroenterology10* • Generally produces a bowelmovement in 1-3 days. Many • Do not use if you have kidney disease except under the advice • Can cause stomach discomfort, faintness, cramps, sudden • Stimulates the walls of the intestine, causing the muscles • Do not use Bisacodyl within 1 hour after taking an antacid or milk • Generally produces a bowel movement in 6-12 hours • Sennosides may affect how other drugs work. Shouldbe taken • Softens and increases the bulk of digested food, making • Ferments in the intestine, which may cause gas and bloating it easier for waste to travel through and leave the body • May affect how well other medicines work. Take at least • Generally produces effect in 12-72 hours 2 hours before or 2 hours after prescribed medication • Allows water and fats to get into the stool. This helps soften fecal material and makes defecation easier • Generally produces bowel movement in 12-72 hours • Pulls large amounts of water into the intestine, making • Can produce urgent, loose stools• Can remove electrolytes11 stool soft and loose. Increased fluid causes pressure that • May interact with certain prescription drugs stimulates contractions in the intestines • Patients with kidney disease or amagnesium restricted diet need • Usually produces bowel movement in 1/2 to 6 hours • Potential significant side effects, including cramps, • Draws fluid in to the colon, lowering pH and increasing • Generally produces a bowel movement in 1-2 days a low-lactose diet should consult a physician12,13 www.MiraLAX.com 2011 Merck Consumer Care
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references: 1. DiPalma JA, et al. A randomized, multicenter, placebo-controlled trial of polyethylene glycollaxative for chronic treatment of chronic constipation. Am J Gastroenterol. 2007; 102:1436-1441 2. Stoltz R, et al. An efficacy and consumer preference study of polyethylene glycol
3350 for the treatment of constipation in regular laxative users. Home Health Care Consultant. 2001; 8:21-26. 3. Cleveland MvB, et al. New polyethylene glycol laxative for treatment of constipation in adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. South Med J. 2001;94:478-
481. 4. Data on file, Schering-Plough Health Care Products. 5. DiPalma JA, etal. An open-label study of chronic polyethylene glycol laxative use in chronic constipation. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006; 25:703-708. 6. DiPalma JA, et al. A randomized, multicenter comparison of polyethylene
glycol laxative and tegaserod in treatment of patients with chronic constipation. Am J Gastroenterol. 2007;102:1964-1971. 7. DiPalma JA, et al. A randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study of the safety and efficacy of a new polyethylene glycol laxative. Am J Gastroenterol. 2000;95:
446-450. 8. DiPalma JA, et al. Braintree polyethylene glycol (PEG) laxative for ambulatory and long-term care facility constipation patients: report of randomized, cross-overtrials. Online J Dig Health. 1999;1:1-7. 9. Tran LC, et al. Lack of lasting effectiveness of PEG 3350 laxative treatment
of constipation. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2005;39:600-602. 10. American College of Gastroenterology. An evidence-based approach to the management of chronic constipation in NorthAmerica. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005;100(S1):S1-S22. 11. Hsieh C. Treatment of constipation in older adults.
Am Fam Physician. 2005;75:2277-2285. 12. Kristalose (lactulose) For Oral Solution full Prescribing Information, Cumberland Pharmaceuticals. 13. Lactulose. Available at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682338.html#precautions. Accessed May29, 2009.

Source: http://www.miralax.com/pdf/Comparison_of_constipation_treatments.pdf


Doklady Biological Sciences. Vol. 375, 2000. pp. 590-591. Translated from Doklady Akademii Nauk. Vol. 375. No. 5, 2000. pp. 703-704. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2000 by Chermva, Lapshin. PHYSIOLOGY Opioid Modulation of Pain Threshold in Fish L. S. Chervova and D. N. Lapshin Presented by Academician P.V. Simonov February 23, 2000Pain is a signal and defense response developed


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