Snazzlefrag’s drug and alcohol dsst study notes

Snazzlefrag’s Drug and Alcohol DSST Study Notes
Hosted at:
This is for the old Drug and Alcohol DSST. The new Substance Abuse DSST has
been updated, but does use some of the same information. I’d look over the
information here and know it. You will see some of it on the new updated exam.

4 Revolutions: Vaccine/Antibiotic/Psychoactive/Birth Control Pill
(7) Tolerances:
Acute -
Adjustment of Behavior through experience to compensate for its intoxicating effectsCross- Develops with a drug never before taken because of use of a drug in the samefamily or classDispositional- Increase in metabolic rate with regular useFunctional- Increased sensitivity to a drug with repeated use Psychiatrics:
Affect Reticular Activating System, usually taken orally. Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
was the original psychiatric drug.
Antipsychotics -
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine),haldol,compazine. They work by blocking dopamine.
Cyclic antidepressants – Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, other MAOI’s. Work byinhibiting monoamine oxidase.
Antimanic – Lithium. Works by enhancing reuptake of seretonin and norepinephrine.
Antianxiety – Buspar, valium, Xanax, Librium. Works by interacting with proteins, suchas GABA receptors, high-affinity receptors and chloride channels.
Classification of drugs (CSA 1970)
Schedule I: (No medical Use) - Heroin, LSD, marijuana, and methaqualone.
Schedule II: Morphine, PCP, cocaine, methadone, and methamphetamine.
Schedule III: Amphetamines, Anabolic steroids, codeine and hydrocodone (with aspirin
or Tylenol®), and some barbiturates
Schedule IV: Benzodiazepines (Valium®, and Xanax®.)
Types - Beer, wine, ale and distilled liquors
Beer (3-8%), Wine (7-15%), Spirits (35-75%).
Natural maximum alcohol content is 15%.
Determinants of BAL
0.08 legal BALLD50 0.4-0.5 BAC100% proof/vol = 50% alcohol content Effects of alcohol
Most widely used and abused drug.
The liver metabolizes .35 oz of alcohol per hour.
Alcohol depresses the CNS, impairs sensory motor skills, sexual function.
Unsupervised withdrawal could be fatal.
Causes cirrhosis of liver, fatty liver, alcohol hepatitis, brain damage, Korsakoff’s
syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
Sedative Hypnotics/Depressants
Disorientation, Slurred speech, intoxication - Overdose: Cold & Clammy Skin, Shallow
breathing, coma
AlcoholChloral hydrate (Nortex, Mickey) - Sleep AidBarbiturates (Amytal, Butisol, Seconal) Anesthetic, sedativeMethaqualone (Quaalude) NO MEDICAL USEFlunitrazepam (Rohypnol)GHB (Gamma-hydroxybutyrate)Benzodiazepines (Ativan, Dalmane, Halcion, Librium, Valium, Xanax) Narcotic Analgesics
Euphoria, drowsiness, nausea - Overdose: Constricted pupils, shallow breathing, clammy
skin, coma
Opium (Pentofen, Paregoric, Parepectolin) - Pain killerOxycontin (oxycodone)Morphine - Pain killerFentanyl (Duragesic, Sublimaze)Codeine - Pain killer


D:/documents/clef/clef papers/all-hands2005/ah2005queries.dvi

Intuitive Querying of e-Health Data Repositories Catalina Hallett , Richard Power, Donia Scott { C.Hallett, R.Power, D.Scott } Abstract At the centre of the Clinical e-Science Framework (CLEF) project is a repository of well organ-ised, detailed clinical histories, encoded as data that will be available for use in clinical care andin-silico medical experiments. An integral par

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