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Hypertensive emergency in aortic dissection and thoracic aortic aneurysm—a review of management

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OPEN ACCESS "
pharmaceuticals
ISSN 1424-8247
444-5'1)-6(507(89:;<012;95;6=8>)6;<?" /'0*'1-
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Hypertensive Emergency in Aortic Dissection and Thoracic
Aortic Aneurysm—A Review of Management
Prateek K. Gupta, Himani Gupta and Ali Khoynezhad *
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Keywords: 2G1=9>=:?)(:&"=5=9F=:6G&";(9>)6&";:=89G?5&"')??=6>)(:"
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Introduction

WG1=9>=:?)(:")?"9=?1(:?)P<="B(9"6<(?=">("%-+"5)<<)(:"'=;>2?"=;62"G=;9"X+Y-"WG1=9>=:?)A="69)?)?")?";" ?>;>="):"42)62"?G?>(<)6";:'"');?>(<)6"P<(('"19=??89=";9=";68>=<G"=<=A;>='">(">2="1():>"(B"6;8?):F">;9F=>"(9F;:"';5;F="[email protected]["X3Y"-"\>")?"=?>)5;>='">2;>"+]"(B"1;>)=:>?"4)>2"2G1=9>=:?)(:"'=A=<(1"2G1=9>=:?)A="69)?)?"'89):F">2="6(89?="(B">2=)9"<)B="X.Y-"S9=;>5=:>"):A(<A=?"8?="(B"1;9=:>=9;<";:>)2G1=9>=:?)A="'98F?" !"#$%#&'()*&#+,-2009!"."
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N(9>)6" ')??=6>)(:" 2;?" P==:" =?>)5;>='" >(" 2;A=" ;:" ):6)'=:6=" (B" .0+,,!,,," 1=9" G=;9" X^!_Y-" E=A=:>G" 1=96=:>" (B" >2=?=" 1;>)=:>?" ;9=" 2G1=9>=:?)A=" ;:'" 5(?>" (B" >2=5" ;9=" (A=9" _," G=;9?" (B" ;F=!" ;?" >2=9=" )?"9='86='" 9=?)?>;:6=" (B" ;9>=9);<" 4;<<?" 4)>2" ;F=" X#$MY-" `)?Q" B;6>(9?" B(9" ;(9>)6" ')??=6>)(:" ):6<8'=" ;(9>)6"6(;96>;>)(:!" P<8:>" >9;85;!" 6(::=6>)A=" >)??8=" ')?(9'=9!" 5=');<" '=F=:=9;>)(:!" P)68?1)'" ;(9>)6" A;<A=!"I;9B;:"?G:'9(5=!"L2<[email protected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a6)?=">2="):>)5;<">=;9!";:'"(P<)>=9;>=">2="=:>9G"):>(">2="B;<?="<85=:-"S2="8<>)5;>="F(;<?";9=">(";<<=A);>="?G51>(5?!" 9='86=" 6(51<)6;>)(:?!" ;:'" 19=A=:>" 981>89=" X^!MY-" S2=" (1=9;>)(:" )?" 1=9B(95='" 8:'=9"6;9')(18<5(:;9G"PG1;??"4)>2"(9"4)>2(8>"2G1(>2=95)6"6)968<;>(9G";99=?>-"@;69(:"F9;B>")?"8?='">("9=1<;6=">2="')?=;?='"?=F5=:>-""" b2)<="(8>6(5=?"(B"(1=9;>)A="):>=9A=:>)(:"B(9";68>=";(9>)6"')??=6>)(:"2;A=")519(A='"(A=9">)5=!">2=" 5(9P)')>G" ;:'" 5(9>;<)>G" ;9=" ?>)<<" ?)F:)B)6;:>-" JA=9" >2=" <;?>" B)A=" G=;9?!" 5(?>" ?):F<=" 6=:>=9" 9=1(9>?"'=?69)P=" 5(9>;<)>G" (B" _$3_]" X+.$+MY-" `=?8<>?" 2(4=A=9" A;9G!" 4)>2" I=2>;" ')- #+-" B(9" \`[email protected]?" ):" 3,,3"9=1(9>):F">2;>";5(:F"_^%"1;>)=:>?"4)>2"?89F=9G"B(9">G1="N"')??=6>)(:!"):$2(8?="5(9>;<)>G"4;?".3-_]""X+/Y-" U9=')6>(9?" (B" '=;>2" ):6<8'='" ;F=" !%," G=;9?!" ;P981>" (:?=>" (B" 62=?>" 1;):!" 2G1(>=:?)(:!" ?2(6Q!" (9">;51(:;'=!" Q)':=G" B;)<89=!" 18<?=" '=B)6)>!" ;:'" ;P:(95;<" =<=6>9(6;9')(F9;12)6" 62;:F=?" X+/Y-" S2)?"2)F2<)F2>?" >2=" B;6>" >2;>" (8>6(5=?" 5;G" P=" )519(A='" ;>" 2)F2" A(<85=" 6=:>=9?" (B" =a6=<<=:6=" 42=9="19(>(6(<?" <)Q=" >2=" >2=9;1)=?" '=?69)P='" PG" >2=" ;8>2(9?" ;9=" 5(9=" ?>9)6><G" B(<<(4='-" b)>2" >G1=" T"')??=6>)(:?!"E8c8Q)"')-#+-"9=1(9>='";:"):$2(8?="5(9>;<)>G"(B"+.]"X3,Y-"U9=')6>(9?"(B"):$2(?1)>;<"'=;>2"4)>2" >2)?" >G1=" (B" ')??=6>)(:" 4=9=" ;P?=:6=" (B" 62=?>" (9" P;6Q" 1;):!" 2G1(>=:?)(:" (9" ?2(6Q!" ;:'" P9;:62"A=??=<")?62=5);"(B">2=")<);6!"5=?=:>=9)6!";:'"9=:;<";9>=9)=?"XM!3+Y-" !"#$%#&'()*&#+,-2009!"."
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Aortic Aneurysm

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Management of Emergency Hypertension

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Microsoft word - 2005-12 star scene bethlehem star - final

Star of Wonder The Wise Men who visited the infant Jesus in Bethlehem were, as recorded in the Gospel according to St Matthew, guided by a star. In the words of the hymn, a star of wonder . Certainly, for hundreds of years astronomers, historians and theologians have wondered about the identification of the star, and many theories have been postulated. The suggestions have included a wide ran

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